Web Links

 

Date of Pub (y/m/d) Primary Author Full Title Key Areas Main Observations
20140328 US National Defence University (NDU) Library NDU ASB Home Page ASB
US
This web link provides reports, documents, articles, student papers and other realted items on ASB.
20140321 Hallex, Matthew ASB in Orbit ASB
A2AD
2-page commentary highlighting that ASB will also be fought in space.
20140313 Kazianis, Harry ASB Defined ASB 3-page transcript of an interview with the chair of the ASB Senior Steering Group, Rear Admiral James G. Foggo, III. RADM Foggo is currently the Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Operations, Plans and Strategy.
20140303 Conetta, Carl Asia Pivot and ASB: Precipitating Miitary Competition with China? ASB
China
3-page commentary suggesting the US adopt a more broadly cooperative approach to integrating China and reducing regional tensions.
20140222 Hartnett, Daniel ASB: Unnecessarily Provoking China? ASB
A2AD
China
2-page special rejoinder to the Center for International Maritime Security's (CIMSEC) week-long examination of ASB discusses the likelihood that the US military’s development of ASB undermines larger US foreign policy objectives, such as its "Rebalance to Asia" strategy.
20140215 Wills, Steven What if the US Gave an "ASB" and No One Came to Fight? ASB
OC
Blockade
2-page commentary suggests that if the US attempted to have an ASB or an OC/blockade-type action, China could easily choose to not attend the event and still win the war.
20140214 Kazianis, Harry The Evolution of ASB ASB
A2AD
3-page article on the evolution of ASB that suggests tracking its progress is key not only for understanding ASB itself but also in monitoring how nations and non-state actors dependent on A2AD might attempt to adapt or counter such efforts.
20140214 Ganske, Rich Need a New Idea? Try an Old One: Revisiting PAC-10 in the ASB Concept ASB 2-page commentary focused on the 1943 Pacific Fleet Tactical Orders and Doctrine, (or PAC-10), and its possible relevance to the ASB concept.
20140213 Keck, Zachery The Limits of ASB ASB 2-page commetary suggests that ASB is inappropriate for countering China’s “small-stick diplomacy,” which generally involves China using non-Naval assets to gradually expand its influence in maritime waters.
20140213 Munson, Mark A2AD Since '73 A2AD
ASB
Air-Land
2-page commentary suggest that the notion of A2AD is not new, and was very much an important part of Soviet-supported military operations during the Cold War.
20140212 Renken, Jeremy Strategic Architectures ASB
A2AD
Strategy
2-page commentary discusses five strategic architectures that can be applied to US-China confrontation. It discusses the nature of how each achieves “victory”, and the unique strengths and weaknesses of each.
20140212 Hammes, T.X. ASB: Lots of Heat, Little Light ASB
A2AD
4-page commentary suggesting that there needs to be less discussion on the enabling concept of ASB and more light on potential military strategies for the unlikely event of a conflict with China. 
20140211 Chuma, Jason Why Does ASB Need a Strategy? ASB 2-page commentary postulating that ASB, like all operational concepts, has no business trying to be linked to a strategy because they do not support strategies.
20140211 Hipple, Matt Sober Thinking Over a Glass of Air Sea Beer ASB
OC
2-page commentary suggests that while ASB is not a strategy and that Offshore Control is a strategy, the ongoing debate misses the reality that ASB and OC are actually quite compatible if properly applied.
20140210 Yale, William Towards a More Intelligent Debate over ASB ASB 2-page introductory commentary on CIMSEC's week-long examination of ASB.
20140106 Keck, Zachery ASB vs Blockade: A False Debate? ASB
Blockade
China
3-page commentary suggets that for all the differences between ASB and a blockade approach, they share one crucial similarity: both rest on the assumption that there will be a decisive turning point when the US and China transition from a tense peace to a state of open hostilities.
20131205 Kazianis, Harry ASB and ADIZ: A Reaction to a Reaction ASB
China
3-page analysis suggests that the establishment of the East China Sea ADIZ is in response to the US's ASB response to China's A2AD strategy.
20131030 LaGrone, Sam and Majumdar, Dave The Future of Air Sea Battle ASB
A2AD
US
4-page update discussing A2AD challenges and the next steps in developing the often misunderstood and occasionally controversial ASB concept.
20131015 Galrahn Air-Sea Battle Defined in Testimony Last Thursday (10 Oct 2013) ASB
US
2-page commentary on the US House Armed Services Committee’s Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee public hearing on the ASB concept.
20131011 Freedberg, Sydney J. Army Shows Cheek, Elbows Its Way Into Air Sea Battle Hearing ASB
US Army
3-page commentary on the inclusion of Maj Gen Cheek (the Army representative) onto the US House Armed Services Committee’s panel at the last moment.
20130908 Medcalf, Rory Rebalancing Australia's Role in Asia Australia
Strategy
2-page commentary argues the need for Australia's new Coalition government to bring steadiness to matters of security and diplomacy, which will be particularly critical in a changing Indo-Pacific Asia.
20130903 Etzioni, Amitai Air Sea Battle: A Dangerous Way to Deal with China ASB
China
2-page commentary suggesting that ASB seems a particularly risky response to China's growing capabilities, and of questionable necessity.
20130823 Stewart, Cameron US Boosts Regional Military Footprint US
Australia
2-page article discusses US plans to establish a naval task force (i.e., amphibious ready group [ARG]) by 2018––likely at Guam––to support marines in Darwin, in a statement of the US's ongoing military presence in Australia and the region. 
20130821 Lee, John The Pentagon's Plan for an Air Sea Battle with China ASB
Escalation
China
4-page commentary discusses the pros and cons of ASB, and whether it runs the unacceptable risk of provoking China into an escalatory response that would be an unmitigated disaster.
20130819 Gompert, David and
Kelly, Terrence
Escalation Clause: How the Pentagon's New Strategy Could Trigger War with China ASB
A2AD
China
Escalation
7-page article suggests the US needs options that facilitate crisis management, deter aggression, and sustain US force survivability, vice requiring early attacks on Chinese territory as predicated by ASB.
20130815 Colby, Elbridge The War over War with China ASB
OC
Escalation
4-page rebuttal commentary of Hammes' Sorry, ASB Is No Strategy article.
20130808 Galdorisi, George The Air Sea Battle Concept Part 4: Naming Names ASB
China
Iran
Part VI of VI.  Discussion centres on the rising threat of peer and near-peer competitors with A2/AD capabilities, and the US's long-term budget pressures––when combined with current strategic and operational realities––is compelling US forces to work together in a truly integrated fashion to project power against a determined adversary.
20130807 Hammes, T.X. Sorry, Air Sea Battle Is No Strategy ASB
OC
Strategy
Escalation
4-page article discussing the virtues of the OC strategy when compared to the ASB operational concept, in rebuttal to Colby's Don't Sweat ASB.
20130806 Keck, Zachery Air Sea Battle, A2/AD and the Offense-Defense Balance  ASB
A2AD
Blockade
3-page article analyses the military balance in the Western Pacific through the lenses of the offense-defence balance.
20130731 Colby, Elbridge Don't Sweat Air Sea Battle ASB
OC
Escalation
7-page commentary discussing ASB, the trouble with OC, and reasons war will not escalate to a nuclear level.
20130731 Reed, John US Deploying Jets Around Asia to Keep China Surrounded Australia
US
1-page Foreign Policy news article discussing US aircraft being stationed at RAAF Base Darwin within the next year, and in the future at RAAF Base Tindal.
20130729 Galdorisi, George The ASB Concept Part 3: Defense Strategic Guidance and JOAC ASB
DSG
JOAC
Part III of VI.  Discussion centres on understand how ASB is aligned with both the DSG and the JOAC, and helps enable the US to accomplish its strategic objectives.
20130728 Noble, Graham J. Pentagon Preparing for War with China? ASB
US
China
2-page commentary suggesting the US military is preparing for war with China without the approval of elected representatives.
20130727 Cavas, Christopher P. Defining Air Sea Battle ASB 4-page article discusses ASB in the context of interservice integration and coordination to nuclear confrontation to somewhere in between the two.
20130726 Hammes, T.X. Hammes: Strategy and Air Sea Battle ASB
OC
Strategy
5-page rebuttal commentary to Bryan McGrath's "Five Myths about ASB."
20130719 Galdorisi, George The Air Sea Battle Concept Part 2: Antecedents ASB Part II of VI.  Discussion centres on the antecedents of ASB, including AirLand Battle and "air-sea battle" campaigns in WW II.
20130715 McGrath, Bryan Five Myths About Air Sea Battle ASB
OC
A2AD
The 10-page commentary discusses five myths about ASB stemming from the limited public knowledge leading to misinterpretation, misunderstanding, and intellectual malpractice.
20130715 Galdorisi, George The Air Sea Battle Concept Part 1: New Strategy for a New Era ASB
A2AD
Part I of VI.  Discussion centres on the recently released "ASB: Service Collaboration to Address Anti-Access & Area Denial Challenges." 
20130709 Freedberg, Sydney J. Glimpse Inside Air Sea Battle: Nukes, Cyber At Its Heart ASB
Escalation
Cyber
5-page article that suggests ASB is a constantly evolving concept for high-tech, high-intensity conflict that touches on everything from cyberwar to nuclear escalation to the rise of China.
20130704 Lopez, Bernie Is the Pentagon Preparing for War with China? ASB
Escalation
2-page commentary suggesting a war between the US and China could occur, with nuclear escalation possible.
20130617 Kazianis, Harry Air Sea Battle for Dummies ASB
China
US
2-page commentary concerning what ASB is, what it is not, and its possible effects on the future of modern warfare.
20130613 Keck, Zachery Air Sea Battle Under Fire From Congressional Committee ASB 2-page commentary identifying concerns about the ASB office and its larger plans to counter A2AD environments.
20130612 Weaver, M. Scott The Limits of Air Sea Battle ASB
A2AD
JOAC
2-page commentary suggesting that ASB will be an incomplete notion for employing military force unless it remains firmly integrated within a joint campaign.
20130605 Farley, Robert Why Air Sea Battle is Not AirLand Battle Redux ASB
Land
1-page commentary comparing ASB and AirLand Battle. 
20130604 Meyerle, Jerry We're Not Going to Need a Bigger Boat ASB
Land
Marine
2-page commentary on the Navy and USAF's belief that they can do it all, and that it is just as likely that Army and Marine Corps will be needed to ensure access.
20130603 Freedberg, Sydney J. DOD Sheds First Clear Light on Air Sea Battle: Warfare Unfettered ASB
A2AD
7-page complimentary commentary on the unclassified summary––ASB: Service Collaboration to Address A2AD Challenge––released in early May 2013.
20130521 Kazianis, Harry America's Anti-Access Nightmare Coming True A2AD 2-page commentary listing ways for the US to negate future A2 challenges.
20130521 Tyler, Melissa Conley and
Shearman, Samantha
Australia's New Region: the Indo-Pacific Australia
Defence
2-page article discusses three implications for Australia of adopting a new region, the 'Indo-Pacific': a strategic arc ‘connecting the Indian and Pacific Oceans through Southeast Asia.'
20130508 Erickson, Andrew S. Pentagon Report Reveals Chinese Military Developments China
Defence
4-page commentary on the 2013 US DOD China Report indicates a balanced assessment that provides a comprehensive picture of Chinese military developments.
20130501 Dupree, Capt(N) Philip and
Thomas, Col Jordan
Air Sea Battle: Clearing the Fog ASB
A2AD
1-page commentary explaining that the goal of this new operational concept is to ensure all forces can get to the fight.
20130501 Jennings, Peter US Alliance: Run Forrest, Run! Australia
US
2-page commentary identifies five areas where alliance cooperation can be extended bu Australia to the US.
20130429 Schreer, Benjamin Clarify Air Sea Battle ASB
Australia
3-page commentary suggests that the US needs to better explain ASB to its Asian allies, as well as China.
20130429 Mizokami, Kyle Japan and Air Sea Battle ASB
OC
Japan
2-page commentary that argues offshore control (OC) is a safe bet for Japan.
20130424 Minnick, Wendell Planning the Unthinkable War with China: An Aussie View of Air Sea Battle ASB
Australia
Land
7-page commentary discussing Ben Schreer's paper about "Planning the Unthinkable War: 'ASB' and Its Implications for Australia."
20130424 Heeley, Laicie US Defense Spending vs Global Defense Spending Defence
US
3-page commentary about US defence spending in 2012.
20130422 Schreer, Benjamin Australia and Air Sea Battle: Not Sold Yet ASB
Australia
2-page commentary suggesting the US needs to do more to persuade allies that ASB is the right response to China's military challenge.
20130422 Ranade, Jayadeva Special Commentary: China's Defence White Paper 2013 China
Defence
3-page commentary about China's Defence White Paper.
20130415 China PLA China's Defence WP 2013: The Diversified Employment of China's Armed Forces China
Defence
47-page Chinese Defence White Paper elaborates its new security concept and the peacetime employment of armed forces.
20130401 MacGregor, Douglas &
Kim, Young J.
Air Sea Battle: Something's Missing ASB
Land
2-page commentary suggesting that without ground forces, the US cannot counter Chinese aggression.
20130313 Medcalf, Rory A US Naval Blockade of China? ASB
China
Blockade
1-page commentary discusses the naval blockade, ASB and nuclear escalation strategies.
20130217 Medcalf, Rory Asian Century Marked by Rising Conflict Australia
China
2-page commentary describing an Australia engaged with Asia and allied with the US, but not able to magically quarantine its security or prosperity from the region's woes or its ally's expectations.
20130129 Laird, Robbin The Air Sea Battle Concept and Pacific Operations Pacific
ASB
Strategy
13-page analysis includes an examination of various other documents leads to the conclusion that an attack and defence enterprise in the Western Pacific can be shaped which the US can easily plug into, if indeed interoperability and mutually leveraging one another’s capabilities (including Australia and Japan) is seen as the strategic goal of the new Pacific strategy. 
20130123 Wheeler, Winslow Powering the Pacific "Pivot" with Leon and Chuck ASB
RMA
5-page article condemns the revolution in military affairs (RMA) and suggests the pivot and ASB does several things, and none favourable to the US.
20130106 Ford, Christopher Air Sea Battle,' Escalation, and US Strategy in the Pacific ASB
Strategy
Escalation
3-page commentary concluding that the challenges of managing escalation in an ASB scenario may actually favour Washington over Beijing, making ASB a useful component of a broad competitive strategy.
20130103 Jie, Li Reality Forces Washington to Take New Military Approach in East Asia ASB
OC
Blockade
1-page commentary discussing ASB and OC.
20130101 McKenzie, MAJGEN Ken Naval Power and the Future of Assured Access US 2-page commentary about the value of the Marine Corps and importance that all elements of the joint force can contribute to the US response to emergent A2AD threats. 
20121229 McDevitt, Michael America's New Security Strategy and Its Military Dimension login required US
China
Strategy
4-page commentary argues that while China is an important factor in the US strategic shift, the pivot is about shaping the environment so that a US-China conflict never becomes necessary, and perhaps even inconceivable.
20121229 Hammes, T.X. Offshore Control (OC) is the Answer OC
Strategy
Escalation
4 pages; In the highly unlikely event of conflict with China, it is argues that the US needs an OC strategy; one that plays to its strengths, minimizes the risks of nuclear escalation, and limits physical destruction.
20121030 Raska, Michael Air Sea Battle Debate ASB
Escalation
2-page commentary discusses operational consequences and allied concerns.
20121019 Hammes, T.X. Air Sea Battle Isn't about China ASB
Strategy
3-page commentary on ASB and a missing strategy.
20121015 O'Hanlon, Michael Air-Sea Ops, Not Battle ASB 2-page commentary suggests Air-Sea Operations would be a more strategically sounding name, and help to de-emphasize the threat of war in the Western Pacific. 
20121005 Dean, Peter J. Air Sea Battle and the Utility of Land Power in the Asia Pacific ASB
Land
2-page commentary identifies ASB as only one element in a broader joint operational concept, underscoring the importance of land power in maritime environments such as the Asia Pacific.
20120826 Frühling, Stephan US Strategy: Between the ‘Pivot’ and ‘ASB’ ASB
Strategy
Land
2-page commentary discussing ASB and AirLand Battle, and the need for a public diplomacy term that does for the US and its allies in 21st-century Asia what the term ‘containment’ did during the Cold War.
20120824 O'Hanlon, Michael and
Steinberg, James
Going Beyond Air Sea Battle ASB 2-page commentary discusses military innovation efforts, and the benefits of Chinese-US cooperation as well as the mutual risks if competition turns into rivalry or conflict.
20120820 Holmes, James R. Top 5 Obstacles to Air Sea Battle ASB 2-page commentary on five hurdles facing executors of ASB.
20120806 LaGrone, Sam Pentagon's ASB Plan Explained. Finally. ASB 3-page article attempts to explain ASB––what it is and what it is not.
20120802 Jaffe, Greg US Model for a Future War Fans Tensions with China and Inside Pentagon ASB
China
US
RMA
6-page commentary on ASB, Andrew Marshall (in the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment), and Andrew Krepinevich [in the Center for Strategic & Budgetary Assessments (CSBA)].
20120627 Hammes, T.X. Strategy for an Unthinkable Conflict Strategy
OC
3-page commentary on the Offshore Control (OC) military strategy.
20120621 Kazianis, Harry Is Air Sea Battle Obsolete? ASB
A2AD
Cyber
2-page discussion of capabilities that could be utilized to create a joint operational concept that transitions from present ASB ideas into a more focused AirSeaCyber operational concept.
20120607 Freedberg, Sydney J. Army Scrambles to Play Catch-up on Air Sea Battle ASB
Land
5-page commentary discussing the Army and Marines' niche/contributions to ASB, and the challenges of future "entry operations."
20120531 International Institute for Strategic Studies New US Military Concept Marks Pivot to Sea and Air ASB
A2AD
4-page article suggests that by focusing on A2AD capabilities, the ASB concept essentially alerts potential rivals, particularly China, to the US military's willingness and ability to adapt to any challenges they might offer.
20120517 Freier, Nathan - Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) The Emerging Anti-Access/Area-Denial Challenge A2AD 5-page article discusses A2 challenges, AD challenges, and why A2AD is emerging now as a central theme in US joint military operations.
20120308 Forbes, J. Randy America's Pacific Air Sea Battle Vision ASB 2-page commentary suggesting the US must stop taking an "instant pudding" view of military planning, and invest in ASB as the best hope to ensure security in the Pacific.
20120220 Schwartz, Gen Norton and
Greenert, Adm Jonathan
ASB: Promoting Stability in an Era of Uncertainty ASB Obviously, given the authors are strong ASB proponents, the 12-page paper focuses on the virtues of ASB, including the employment of tightly integrated, cross-domain operations to defeat A2AD threats.  
20120127 Layne, Christopher The (Almost) Triumph of Offshore Balancing US
DSG
Offshore Balancing
Strategy
4-page commentary focuses on the 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance (DSG) and a shift in US policy to a strategy of offshore balancing.  The author concludes that the central strategic preoccupation of the US during the next two decades will be its own decline and China’s rise.
20111214 Lacey, Jim Air-Sea Battle ASB
A2AD
Land
Marine
5-page article discussion on the ASB concept, and concludes that the JOAC has it exactly backwards, in so much that any concept or strategy that places those elements required for a decisive conclusion to military action in a secondary role is flawed from the start. 
20111109 US Defence Officials Background Briefing on Air Sea Battle by Defense Officials from the Pentagon ASB
A2AD
5-page transcript on A2AD challenge and implementation of the ASB concept.
20111109 US ASB Office Multi-Service Office to Advance Air Sea Battle Concept ASB 1-page DOD announcement of the creation of a new office to integrate air and naval capabilities.
20111109 US ASB Office The Air Sea Battle Concept Summary ASB
A2AD
1-page summary (circa Nov 2011) explaining that ASB is a limited operational concept designed to address an adversary's A2AD capabilities.
20110813 Glain, Stephen The Pentagon's New China War Plan ASB
US
China
2-page commentary suggests that despite budget woes, the US military is preparing for a conflict with its biggest rival -- and they should be worried.
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