RAAF's first operations in Antarctica
The second British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE), launched from Hobart in November 1930 under the leadership of Professor Sir Douglas Mawson, was accompanied by a Moth seaplane. This was crewed by the same RAAF pilots as on the previous expedition (see 5 January), Flight Lieutenant Stuart Campbell and Pilot Officer Eric Douglas. Following the first flight made on 7 January 1931, a large program of exploration and coastal survey was carried out from the air. On this day, Campbell hoisted the RAAF Ensign during a ceremony conducted on Cape Bruce at which BANZARE’s discoveries were formally proclaimed as possessions. The airmen’s role in the expedition was marked with the naming of features of the Antarctic landscape in their honour. Both also became the first RAAF personnel awarded the Polar Medal.