What is a middle power? Is Australia a middle power or not, and what does this mean for Defence and Australia?
A sovereign state that is not a great power nor a superpower, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.
Is Australia a middle power? A systemic impact approach
This article examines whether Australia is a middle power. It identifies the three most popular approaches to defining a middle power: by a country's position, behaviour and identity. The article tests each definition against Australia, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of each. Highlighting an earlier systemic approach to defining states, an alternative ‘systemic impact’ definition for middle powers is proposed. This approach, it is argued, provides a more comprehensive manner for identifying whether a country like Australia is a middle power, along with the implications for international security.