This paper examines strategic aspects of air power doctrine within the context of a small air force. A small air force is one that because of its limitations must choose not to conduct some part of the complete air power spectrum. This paper is written in two parts. Part One is focused on the essence and purpose of doctrine. It develops strategic air power doctrine through an understanding of the air environment and the characteristics and structure of air power itself. Part Two is devoted to issues that relate to the legal moral and political environment within which strategic air power doctrine is applied.