This paper identifies the lag in adoption of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) air mobility and explores opportunities for future employment of UAS in that field. Its aim is to increase collective awareness of the potential for unmanned air mobility and provide a broad reference source for military and commercial contributors to the ADF Force Structure enterprise. The first part discusses the drivers of UAS adaptation, including Australia’s strategic interests, regional military modernisation, safety, survivability, cost and technology availability. The second part presents a collection of specific opportunities and examples for UAS development within each of the three core air mobility activities. The final part highlights potential challenges that air mobility UAS development may face and concludes with a discussion on the importance of partnerships in realising an Australian unmanned air mobility capability.